12 English Grammar Rules You Need to Know

English grammar is a complex and often confusing topic. Knowing the basics can help you communicate your ideas more effectively and make sure that you’re understood. This blog post will cover 12 important English grammar rules that will help you get started.


Nouns are words used to name people, places, things, and ideas. Every sentence needs at least one noun. Examples of nouns include dog, table, and kindness.


Verbs are words used to express action or a state of being. Every sentence needs at least one verb. Examples of verbs include run, think, and am.


Pronouns are words used in place of nouns. Examples of pronouns include he, she, it, and they.


Adjectives are words used to describe nouns or pronouns. Examples of adjectives include tall, colorful, and delicious.


Adverbs are words used to describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. Examples of adverbs include quickly, sadly, and very.


Prepositions are words used to indicate the relationship between two words in a sentence. Examples of prepositions include in, on, and under.


Conjunctions are words used to connect two related ideas or clauses. Examples of conjunctions include and, but, and so.


Interjections are words used to express emotion. Examples of interjections include wow, oh, and yay.


Articles are words used to modify nouns. The most commonly used articles are a, an, and the.

Subject-Verb Agreement

Subject-verb agreement is a rule that states that the verb must agree with the subject in number. If the subject is singular, the verb must also be singular. If the subject is plural, the verb must also be plural.


Capitalization is a rule that states that certain words should be capitalized. This includes proper nouns, the first letter of a sentence, titles, and more.


Punctuation is a rule that states that certain marks should be used to indicate pauses, clarify meaning, and create correct syntax. Examples of punctuation marks include the period, the comma, and the semicolon.

These are just a few of the basic English grammar rules that you should know. Knowing these rules can help you communicate effectively and make sure you’re understood. As you continue to learn more about English grammar, you’ll become more confident in your writing.